Daily Archives: 1 September 2010

The truth about the parrot trade:

Parrots for pets? Large number of parrots (psittacines group) are already looking for new homes. Parrot buyers or owners are not always fully aware of the long term commitment and the time they need to give. Very little thought is given to the process of bringing parrots into pet markets.

Smuggled lorys in cramped cages – only 60% survive

Our lengthy investigation about illegal parrot trappers in Maluku exposed that parrots are trapped using thick gum, netting or snares. Once the parrots are caught, they are pinned down and their sensitive flight feathers, which have nerve endings, are plucked whilst they are still alive! This is extremely painful and cruel and renders the parrots unable to fly – flightless parrots are more saleable as pets. Trappers sell these parrots to the dealers who stuff them in crammed cages and smuggle them to the illegal wildlife markets. The journey from the source to the destination markets is extremely long and traumatising for parrots. Not surprisingly, once they reach the “markets” only 60% of those that have been captured survive.

In some developing countries, animal welfare is unheard of. Parrots are bought as “exotic pets” or “trophies” and are mostly confined to very small cages or chained to their perches. Many are given an unsuitable diet for their digestion system, no room to move, no natural stimulation or veterinary care. Often they are forgotten by busy owners and spend the rest of their shortened lives confined in small cages. Captive parrots are not able to express their natural behaviour; many developing long-term stress and behavioural problems which result in the sensitive birds plucking their feathers out or even self mutilation.

Parrot species are trapped, smuggled and exported to “bird markets” in Java, including Jakarta and internationally, to North America, Europe, Middle East, Pakistan, Japan, Taiwan, etc. Traders use forged documents to disguise sources. The fact is that most parrots from these sources are trapped in the wild. It is extremely unlikely these parrots are “captive bred” no matter what the trader says.

Each year we estimate there are more than 100,000 parrots caught from the wild to supply the domestic and global “pet” markets. They are bought and sold with no regard for the dwindling numbers left in the wild. Little do people realise the sheer cruelty behind the trapping, hunting and smuggling processes. For every 100 parrots trapped, at least 40 die because of extreme stress, injuries, wing mutilation and trauma.

Indonesia has some of the most beautiful parrot species in the world. North Indonesian regions such as the Maluku (Moluccas) group of islands, Papua, Seram, Ambon and Sumba, are home to different species of cockatoos, colourful lories and birds of paradise. Many are already listed as highly endangered in CITES Appendix I (species threatened with extinction by the trade), such as sulphur crested, goffin, lesser sulphur crested, citron crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata), and other cockatoo groups.

Warga Arab Saudi Tertangkap Menyelundupakan Satwa Liar di bandara Soekarno Hatta

SIARAN PERS : FORUM SATWA LIAR
MARAKNYA PENYELUNDUPAN SATWA DARI INDONESIA

Jakarta, Selasa,10 Maret 2008, maraknya penyelundupan satwa dari Indonesia ke negara-negara lain masih terjadi hal ini dibuktikan dengan digagalkannya  upaya  penyelundupan satwa pada Minggu,  08 Maret 2009,  di Bandara Soekarno-Hatta, Jakarta,  Oleh petugas Bea dan Cukai, Bandara Soekarno Hatta, berekerja sama dengan Forum Satwa Liar Jakarta yang terdiri dari Wildlife Conservation Society, Jakarta Animal Aid Network, Lembaga Advokasi Satwa, IAR dan Profauna, yang rencananya satwa  tersebut akan diselundupkan dengan menggunakan pesawat Saudi Arabian Airlines SV-820, Daman-Riyad.

Ada pun jenis satwa yang akan diselundupkan dalam 4 buah koper dan tas adalah:
Kukang ( Nycticebus coucang ), sebanyak 3 ekor;
Nuri merah kepala hitam ( Lorius lory), sebanyak 1 ekor
Burung Punai, sebanyak 8 ekor
Kakatua maluku ( Cacatua moluccensis ), sebanyak 1 ekor
Kakatua tanibar (Cacatua gofini), sebanyak 1 ekor
Burung Beo (Gracula religiosa),  sebanyak 16 ekor
Nuri hijau, sebanyak 1 ekor
Nuri merah, sebanyak 1 ekor
Kakatua putih (Cacatua alba), sebanyak 1 ekor

Dengan tiga orang tersangka pemegang paspor warga negara  Arab Saudi : AB, E, dan SA. Ketiga tersangka merupakan keluarga Bapak, Ibu dan Anak , menggunakan motif sebagai keluarga yang akan puang ke negaranya. Tersangka diduga melakukan tindak pidana:

Setiap orang dilarang untuk mengeluarkan satwa yang dilindungi dari suatu tempat  di Indonesia ke tempat lain di dalam atau diluar Indonesia sebagaimana diatur dalam UU. No.5 tahun 1990 tentang Konservasi Sumberdaya Alam Hayati dan Ekosistemnya yang tercantum dalam pasal 21 ayat (2) huruf c, diancam dengan pidana penjara paling 5 tahun dan denda Rp.100.000.000,- ( Seratus Juta rupiah ).

Barang bukti kasus dugaan penyelundupan telah diserah terimakan ke BKSDA DKI  Jakarta atas nama polisi kehutanan Dendi Sutiadi, dengan disaksikan 1 petugas Karantina Bandara Soekarno Hatta. Tersangka kasus ini tidak ditahan dikarenakan dijamin oleh pihak Kedutaan yang bersangkutan

Dwi Nugroho dari WCS ( Wildlife Conservation Society ) menegaskan: “Upaya petugas Bea dan Cukai bandara Soekarno Hatta, adalah bentuk keseriusan dalam memberatas penyelundupan  keaneka ragaman jenis hayati, harapannya tersangka pelaku kejahatan ini dapat di hukum seberat-beratnya sesuai UU yang berlaku. Dunia internasional saat ini melihat keseriusan Indonesia dalam melakukan penegakan hukum, ini dapat menjadi preseden buruk apabila tersangka tidak di hukum maksimal.”

Pramudya Harzani dari JAAN ( Jakarta Animal Aid Network ) menegaskan: “JAAN mendesak kepada pihak terkait agar Penyelundupan terhadap keaneka ragaman hayati harus ditindak tegas sesuai dengan UU yang berlaku, pelaku kejahatan ini harus mendapatkan hukuman maksimal karena ini merugikan negara. BKSDA DKI Jakarta sebagai pihak yang diserahkan kasusnya harus dapat menyelesaikan kasus ini hingga tersangka dapat diadili di pengadilan. Kasus ini membuktikan bahwa DKI Jakarta masih merupakan tempat perdagangan satwa illegal Internasional, dan ini harus diberantas ”

Irma dari LASA ( Lembaga Avokasi Satwa ) Menegaskan : “Penindakan tegas terhadap para penyelundup satwa adalah keharusan karena ini melanggal UU yang berlaku, para pelanggar UU ini seharusnya tidak dibeda-bedakan apakah itu WNI atau WNA demi keadilan, seharusnya tersangka dapat ditahan dikarenakan berdasarkan pengalaman kami, pelaku yang tidak ditahan dapat melarikan diri. Tidak ada tawar menawar bahwa tindak pidana kejahatan terhadap satwa diancam pidana penjara maksimal 5 tahun dan amanah KUHAP membenarkan hal itu”

Zulham dari IAR (International Animal Rescue) menegaskan :“IAR Indonesia mendukung upaya pihak yang terkait untuk  mengungkap tuntas pelaku kejahatan satwa liar.dengan adanya pengusutan kasus ini maka dapat mengurangi hingga memberhetikan perdagangan dan perburuan serta tekanan terhadap populasi satwa liar Indonesia.hal ini dapat menjadi preseden yang buruk bagi Indonesia dimata Internasional apabila tidak dapat menuntaskan kasus ini ”.

Tri Prayudhi ( ProFauna) Menegaskan: hasil Investigasi ProFauna Tahun 2007-2008, bahwa ada sekitar 10.000 ekor burung Nuri dan Kakatua yang di tangkap dari Maluku Utara dan Papua untuk diperdagangkan, 41 % diselundupakan ke Philipina dan 69 % diperdagangkan di tingkat lokal. ProFauna meminta  agar BKSDA DKI Jakarta dapat menuntaskan kasus ini, tersangka kasus penyelundupan ini harus diproses sesuai hukum yang berlaku, dan petugas dapat segera mengusut hingga ke sumbernya”

MAFIA PERDAGANGAN BURUNG NURI DAN KAKATUA ASAL PAPUA DIGREBEK POLDA JATIM

Polda Jatim Sita 40 Burung Nuri

Jumat, 08 Mei 2009 07:40 WIB

Jumat, 08 Mei 2009 07:40 WIB
SURABAYA–MI: ProFauna Indonesia dan Polda Jawa Timur menyita 40 ekor burung nuri dan kakatua dari sindikat perdagangan satwa ilegal di kawasan Nginden, Semampir Barat, Surabaya, Kamis (7/5) malam.

“Ya, kami menangkap seorang mafia yang sudah lama menjadi target operasi yakni Supri alias Subairi. Yang jelas, mafia itu sulit ditangkap, karena rencana operasi selalu bocor,” kata juru kampanye ProFauna, R Tri Prayudhi

Dalam operasi itu, ProFauna Indonesia yang berkantor pusat di Malang, Jawa Timur telah mengerahkan lima anggota yang dipimpinnya dengan dukungan tim Polda Jatim yang dipimpin Kompol Heru.

“Kami akan menjerat pelaku dengan UU Nomor 5 Tahun 1990 Tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Hayati dan Ekosistemnya yang menghukum pelakunya dengan lima tahun penjara dan denda Rp100 juta,” katanya.

Laporan ProFauna pada tahun 2007-2008 mencatat Surabaya merupakan “pintu” perdagangan nuri dan kakatua yang ditangkap dari alam Maluku Utara dan Papua untuk diperdagangkan secara domestik dan diselundupkan ke pasar internasional. “Selama tahun 2008, sekitar 1.000 ekor nuri dan kakatua diperdagangkan di pasar domestik dan diseludupkan ke Filipina. Perdagangan burung nuri dan kakatua di tingkat domestik berpusat di Kota Surabaya, seperti Pasar Burung Bratang, Pasar Turi, dan Pasar Kupang,” katanya.

Jenis burung yang biasa diperdagangkan di Surabaya adalah kakatua besar jambul kuning (Cacatua galerita), kakatua tanimbar (Cacatua goffini), kakatua seram (Cacatua molluccensis), nuri kepala hitam (Lorius lory), dan jenis lainnya.

“Di balik perdagangan burung Nuri dan Kakatua itu, sekitar 40 persen burung-burung itu mati akibat stres, apalagi sistem penangkapannya sangat buruk,” kata Tri Prayudhi.  (Ant/OL-03)

Polres Aru Gagalkan Penyelundupan 101 SATWA LIAR !

Kapolda Jatim Irjen .Anton Bachrul alam @ 2009

POLRES ARU GAGALKAN PENYELUNDUPAN SATWA


Polres Kepulauan Aru, Provinsi Maluku, menggagalkan penyelundupan sebanyak 101 binatang dilindungi yang akan dibawa ke luar daerah itu dari pelabuhan Dobo, ibukota Kabupaten setempat pada 4 September. Kapolres Kepulauan Aru AKBP Solihin ketika dikonfirmasi, Jumat, membenarkan digagalkannya penyelundupan hewan-hewan tersebut.

Menurut Solihin, hewan yang akan diselundupkan tersebut terdiri atas 58 kanguru, 18 burung kakatua jambul kuning, 12 kakatua jambul biru, 11 kakatua jambul putih, dan dua ekor kakatua jambul hitam. “Hewan tersebut diamankan diatas kapal PT Pelni KM Abdi Sejahtera yang biasanya berlayar tujuan Surabaya – Jakarta,” ujarnya.

Kapolres mengatakan seseorang bernama “AB”, yang menjadi orang suruhan seseorang lain yang dicurigai menjadi oknum penyelundupan hewan tersebut sudah dimintai keterangan.

Tapi polisi belum mengungkapkan nama orang yang diduga menyuruh AB. Orang itu diduga sudah sering melakukan perbuatan tersebut. “101 binatang tersebut telah diserahkan ke Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Dobo untuk selanjutnya dikembalikan ke habitatnya agar tidak terancam punah karena merupakan hewan dilindungi,” kata Kapolres.

Dia mengakui aksi penyelundupan binatang kali ini termasuk terbesar jumlahnya dibanding sebelumnya. Biasanya, penyelundupan hewan dilindungi hanya satu atau dua ekor dengan maksud sebagai cinderamata dari Kepulauan Aru. “Jenis binatang tertentu bisa `keluar` dari Dobo dengan konsekuensi harus memiliki surat ijin dari Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam setempat,” ujar Kapolres.

Kepulauan Aru yang kaya sumber daya hayati laut, terutama ikan di Laut Arafura juga merupakan “surga” pencurian hewan dilindungi. Sejumlah pulau di Kepulauan Aru juga dikenal sebagai tempat pencurian penyu, seperti di dua pulau terluar yang berbatasan dengan Australia, yakni pulau Enu dan Karang. (Ant)

Interview about Parrot in Indonesia

Interview: R.Tri Prayudhi

indonesia mapThe Republic of Indonesia in Southeast Asia comprises a staggering 17,508 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited. It is the world’s largest archipelagic state and with a population of 222 million people (according to 2006 figures) it is also the world’s fourth most populous country.

Indonesia’s size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography, support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity after Brazil. Its five largest islands – Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (the Indonesian part of Borneo), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea), and Sulawesi – contain some of the world’s rarest wildlife, and an almost overwhelming number of bird species many of which now find themselves on the wrong end of large-scale deforestation, industrialisation, and smuggling for the trade in wild birds. Putting that into figures Indonesia has close to 400 endemic birds: of these about sixty-one species are threatened: thirty-seven species are listed as Vulnerable, twenty-three are Endangered and eleven species are listed as Critical on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (a total of 132).

Included in that list are some of the world’s rarest and most rapidly declining parrot species. Of about 85 parrot species in Indonesia, 14 of them are classified as threatened. Many of these species will probably be hardly known by many birders outside of the region, but they do include species such as the Red-and-blue and Black-headed Lories Eos histrio and Lorius lory, and some of the planet’s rarest cockatoos, eg Palm Cockatoo Probosciger atterimus,Goffin’s Cockatoo Cacatua goffini and the recently re-discovered Yellow-crested Abbott’s Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea abbottii which has a population of just ten wild indivduals.

One organisation working hard to protect the Republic’s biodiversity is ProFauna Indonesia – often in conjunction with Dr Stewart Metz who heads up the Indonesian Parrot Project and whom we interviewed earlier in the month – and we’re very grateful to Mr Tri Prayudhi, ProFauna Indonesia’s Campaign Officer for the interview (which he answered in English and has very kindly translated into Indonesian as well!) and the copyrighted images that follow.

R.Tri Prayudhi, many thanks for taking part in the 10,000 Birds Parrot Month. You work for ProFauna Indonesia. Can I just ask first why you wanted to work for PFI (have you always been interested in animals for example) and whereabouts are you based?

  • Tri Prayudhi: Yes, I work for ProFauna Indonesia. Previously, I was a ProFauna member who had worked voluntarily since 2001. I joined ProFauna when I was a student in a university in Sumatera. My interest in wild animal biodiversity encouraged me to get involved in an NGO that worked especially against cruelties to wild animals: illegal wildlife trade both domestic and international, and for consumption. To me who else but Indonesians should care, care and preserve Indonesian wildlife in their natural habitats. My work for ProFauna covers all Indonesia regions including Maluku and Papua that have natural habitats for parrots.

You live in a part of the world that I would guess not too many of our readers will have visited: if I asked you to describe the region in a few sentences could you, or is there just so many different sides to Indonesia that you’d need a few pages instead?

  • Tri Prayudhi: Indonesia is a mega-biodiversity country. It is estimated that about 300,000 wild animals or 17% of the world animals inhabit Indonesia, despite Indonesia’s land being only 1.3% of the world’s. Indonesia has the largest number of mammals (515 species) and is inhabited by 1,539 bird species. 45% of the world’s fish species live in Indonesia’s waters. However, illegal wildlife trade becomes a huge threat towards wild animals survival in Indonesia. More than 95% of wild animals being traded are caught from the wilderness, instead of captive breeding. More than 20% of the traded animals die because of poor transportation and handling. Many protected and endangered species are traded freely in Indonesia. The more endangered the species are, the higher the prices get.

I would guess though that many of our readers would know of the huge problems of deforestation throughout Indonesia. From where you’re sitting is there still much habitat to save?

  • Tri Prayudhi: The main problem of wildlife in Indonesia is the deforestation causing the degradation of animal population in the wild, besides the poaching for illegal trade. Some areas in Indonesia still have good forests for preserving and saving wild animals, for examples: Halmahera, Maluku, Papua, Kalimantan, Sumatera, even Java. Deforestation is caused by forest conversion into palm plantation both in great and small scales as well as mining sites. This seems to be a dilemma. On one side, forest conversion provides the country’s financial needs and on the other, wild animals are threaten by extinction.

deforestation in indonesia
The Palm Oil industry next to and inside a major Indonesian National Park
Photo from Google Earth

Do you feel that the way the western world focusses on deforestation in Indonesia means that the amazing biodiversity that still remains and can still be saved gets overlooked at all?

  • Tri Prayudhi: This is a complicated problem that needs wise and fair point of view. The facts have shown that Indonesia faces great deforestation threatening the biodiversity. This problem calls help from any stakeholder including the international world, since Indonesian forests contribute ecologically towards other countries in the whole world. Therefore, western countries should help Indonesia to save the forest and the remaining biodiversity. On the contrary, this can be complicated too as the western countries are involved in the palm oil plantation expansion in Indonesia that decimates the forests.

Let’s turn to parrots if we may. Indonesia is an incredibly rich region for parrots: PFI works to preserve all of Indonesia’s biodiversity of course, but how much of your/PFI’s time would you say is spent trying to protect parrots?

  • Tri Prayudhi: Since 1996, ProFauna has worked on parrots issue in Indonesia. ProFauna focuses on illegal parrot trade which threatens parrots’ survival in the wild. ProFauna works through campaigns, education, law enforcement (investigation), and rescue. ProFauna has gained some achievements regarding parrot issues: for example. the decreasing of parrot trade in Ternate, North Maluku (fallen by 80%). Nevertheless, ProFauna has to work harder to fight against the illegal parrot trade in other areas like in Papua and Java Islands.

The information on your website and the data you present on the threats to Indonesia’s parrots are very alarming. You say, for instance, that “Approximately 115,000 parrots are trapped each year in the wild in Papua and Maluku, including the highly endangered Palm Cockatoo (Probosciger atterimus), Black headed Lory (Lorius lory) and Yellow Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita).” Where does data like this come from, and given the size of the region do you think this is possibly an under-estimate of the scale of the problem?

  • Tri Prayudhi: Those data are our 2002 findings from the bird markets monitoring in Java as well as from the in-depth investigation in Papua and Maluku. In 2001, ProFauna assigned its investigators to monitor the parrot trafficking in a sea port in Ternate, Maluku. ProFauna recorded the data every day for a year. Monitoring of bird markets in Java was conducted once a month. Bird market monitoring is ProFauna’s regular program that has been carried out from 1994 until present. However, we think that the figure is below the real condition because of Indonesia’s vast areas and the parrots wider distribution. This means that there is more parrot poaching and trafficking in the real situation which are not monitored and covered by ProFauna’s investigation.

You launched Pirated Parrots recently to further highlight the problem of the poaching of wild parrots. The figures you again quote are staggering and can’t in any way be sustainable. Are you able to say that some species of Indonesian parrots are definitely being driven towards extinction by such poaching?

  • Tri Prayudhi: Pirated Parrots is ProFauna’s investigation report that reveals the evidences of parrot poaching, trade, and smuggling to the Philippines. Based on the investigation, the species that are poached and smuggled are white Cockatoo (Cacatua alba), Chattering Lory (Lorius garrulus), Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus), and Violet-necked Lory (Eos squamata). Eclectus parrot is a protected species in Indonesia which is prohibited to be traded [See a recent ProFauna press-release HERE about the successful foiling of the smuggling of six wild Eclectus Parrots].

lory smuggled in indonesia
Red-and-blue Lory crammed into a plastic bottle by a bird trapper

What can be done to halt poaching on this scale?

  • Tri Prayudhi: The most important way to tackle this is through law enforcement. In doing this, ProFauna has always been urging the government to publish a regional regulation to prohibit anyone poaching and carrying endemic parrots out from North Maluku. The regulation recommended by ProFauna should bear punishment both fine and prison terms for the offenders. Apart from this, ProFauna holds educational campaigns at remote schools in Ternate and Halmahera island, close to the forests of the parrot habitats, and public campaign in the form of demonstration demanding the government to conduct confiscation operations towards parrot traders, poachers, and dealers in Maluku, as well as in Surabaya and Jakarta, the centers of parrot trade in Indonesia.

Indonesia has a very large human population – many of whom are poor. How can you persuade poor people not to see parrots as a commodity or a resource to be traded or – perhaps – eaten?

  • Tri Prayudhi: The local people who live adjacent to the parrots habitats usually have traditional or local regulations (literally and verbally) that won’t allow the people to catch and hunt birds for commercial purpose. Unfortunately, the capital economy law (supply and demand ) encourages the people to break the regulations. The bird prices in big cities and international world lure the local people to poach and trade the birds. In big cities and the international world, the more endangered a species is, the price get much higher. At the local level, the prices get lower since more people hunt and supply the birds. This means that local people stay poor. In order to raise the people awareness on this problem are by education, enforce the traditional or local regulation, and give alternative jobs for poor people that live close to the forests. As revealed by ProFauna investigation to the poachers living close to the forests, the main job of the locals is not poaching, poaching birds is just their side jobs. The main job is as a farmer. In dry season, the locals look for alternative jobs, on of which is by poaching birds, especially parrots. On other the other side, people keep poaching because there is a demand from the illegal market.

Does the answer to protecting Indonesia’s parrot need to come from within Indonesia itself or does international pressure help as well?

  • Tri Prayudhi: The illegal parrot trade in Indonesia is not only to supply the domestic market but also the international one. The international support must be had. One of the international pressures needed is to ban the trade in Indonesian endemic species at international market. By doing so, the trade of Indonesian parrots will be closed down. If there is no demand from the international market, there will be no more illegal supply of Indonesian parrots. For example, the Pirated Parrots report has shown the evidences that 49% of 10,000 parrots are smuggled to the Philippines each year. Arriving at the Philippines, Indonesian parrots were freely sold. Moreover, the birds were labeled as captive bred. The latest news in January 2009, the smuggling of 93 parrots and some other wild animals from Tobelo, Halmahera Island, North Maluku to Davao, Philippines.

parrots smuggled in indonesia

Wild parrots being held by a bird dealer

How important is working with international groups such as the World Parrot Trust, Born Free, and the RSPCA International to you?

  • Tri Prayudhi: To tackle the illegal wildlife trade needs international support. ProFauna considers it important to work together with international organisations that have the same visions with ProFauna.

Indonesia will seem a long way from many of our readers, but I’m sure some of them will want to support your work. What could they do to help?

  • Tri Prayudhi: Don’t buy Indonesian parrots as pets because most of them are caught from the wild, instead of captive bred. Help ProFauna in any way. However small it is, a donation will be valuable for ProFauna to save wildlife in Indonesia.

lory smuggled in indonesia
Indonesian cockatoos in Manila’s wildlife market

R.Tri Prayudhi, many thanks for the very valuable work you do and all the best to you and ProFauna Indonesia for 2009.